Women Facilitation Center provided more than 100 vulnerable women access to justice. Balochistan Session Court Bar Room renovated under USAID funded sub grant of Gender Equity Program.
One Room Shelter Project-UNHCR




Duration:        August-December 2011 (5 Months)

Budget:          PKRs. 63.320 Million (US$ 0.745 Million)

Targets:         Construction of 300 Permanent Shelters

Donor:           UNHCR (Embassy of Japan Fund)

Beneficiaries:  300 Flood Affected & Displaced Families with 1756 men, women & children


Project Description


Heavy Monsoon rains resulted in disastrous floods in July 2010 and affected more than 20 million people directly throughout the country. In Balochistan, around 13 districts were affected to varying level of devastation and Jaffarabad with high level of destruction and damages remained on top. Other largely damaged districts include Naseerabad, Jhal Magsi, Kuchhi (Bolan) and Sibi. These districts were hit by the flood in 2007 and still the effects were not addressed completely.


District Jaffarabad is named after Mir Jaffar Khan Jamali. Jaffarabad is 2nd thickly population district of the Balochistan having about 0.64 million. Jaffarabad is link with main road to Sindh province. Its bounders link five Districts in south Shahdadkot and Jacobabad Sindh in north Naseerabad in west Jhal Magsi and in east Dera Bugti.


Jaffarabad is a plain agricultural area. The length of district Jaffarabad is about 234 kilo meters, while width varies from 3 to 30 km. The District is link up with railway and highway. In 1987 it was notified as district. In 2000, the district was merged with Naseerabad but later in 2002 again restored as a district. It gets low rain full, varying from 50 to 150 mm per year. There are few important canals which pass and flow in district.


Total area of Jaffarabad is 2445 sq k.m. The District’s population is estimated as 627,477 which was 432,817 in 1998. 51.01% of the population are males whereas 48.99% are female. The birth growth rate is 2.92%. Urban population is 20% and rural population is 80%. The district is 2nd thickly populated district of Balochistan with population density of 257 persons per k.m. Total Tehsil of District are four namely Jhatpat, Usta Muhammad, Sohbat Pur and Gandakha. The District consists of forty six Union councils and 235 villages.


Due to tribal and feudal patterns, deprivation of target group is at peak. They have almost no access to social services such as health esp. Maternal and newborn. Education services are also not available to all the population in the district and where available, quality of education remains a big question mark. Portable and agriculture water is another key issue that not only increases their vulnerability physically and economically.


The area is also characterized with high ratio of Honour Killing. Tribal and feudal social structures, customs and traditions provide less space for women to survive. Women, along with other forms discriminations, are confronted with high rate of domestic violence, gender based violence.


In order to respond to emergency, the CTE along with National and Provincial level partner organizations raised appeals for the relief and assisted the affected communities through relief and construction of 120 permanent shelters in Union Council Band Manik of District Jaffarabad, Balochistan.


As per initial assessments, around 50,000 houses were damaged living approximately 400,000 men, women and children homeless in the district Jaffarabad. In order to support the affected communities to return to their homes and support them in restoring their normal life, CTE in partnership with UNHCR undertook the assignment of re-construction of Shelters under One Room Shelter Project (ORSP) in seven (07) villages of Union Council Sohbat Pur (Saddar) of District Jaffarabad, Balochistan Province, Pakistan.


Geographic Scope & Beneficiaries


The project directly benefited 300 flood affected & displaced families. Geographic coverage of the beneficiary group is given below:

S. No.


Beneficiary Families







Ali Sher







Qurban Ali Bugti







Jummal Khan Bugti







Khair Pur Gola














Imtiaz Khan Gola







Meher Shah















Major Intervention/Activities:


1.    Coordination and linkage with PDMA, DDMA & Stakeholders

2.    Assessment of affected areas

3.    Identification & mobilization of beneficiaries at per set criteria

4.    Construction of 300 permanent shelters along with soakage pit latrines and kitchens


Overall Project Output & Intended Impact


The intended impact of the sub-project (upto beneficiaries’ extent) has been achieved i.e. “300 flood affected families have resumed their normal life and living in more adequate housing”.

Other than intended impact, the sub-project has brought a visible change in social and living patterns of the beneficiary communities which, inter alia, include:

-      Before the project intervention, the communities had no concept of latrines and open defection was the common practice. After flood temporary latrines were arranged (as shown in picture above). It was the first time that communities were introduced to the concept of Soakage Pit Latrines.

-      Earlier, the communities lived in hut-type mud-houses. Now they are residing in more stronger and more adequate brick-made houses. These houses are resistant to mild level floods in future (upto 1.5-2 feet level).

-      The project also impacted very positively on women as earlier they had simply hut-type kitchens. Now they have comparatively confortable and appropriate kitchens for cooking covering them from weather effects.


CTE has extended its full cooperation to all the key stakeholders involved including PDMA, DDMA, UNHCR Field Monitors and other IPs. Similarly, the district administration has also been very supportive throughout the course of implementation.


Lessons Learned


1.    Labor & supply of bricks were the most critical factors of the sub project.

2.    Local market was unable to meet the huge demand of logistics/shelter material in the district.

3.    High demand of material had resulted in high increase in prices and rates of labor.

4.    Dependence on international agencies among the affected communities had grown rapidly. They were not willing to contribute even their leisure time for their own shelters.

5.    The communities in Jaffarabad were in so miserable condition that they were unable to put their due and agreed share in constructing their own shelters.

6.    Ground realities and challenging emergency circumstances were given no consideration at the donor’s end neither such concerns were properly considered at planning and execution phases. 

  Revival of My Professional Career As Lawyer
I, Farzana Khilji, joined law as profession in Balochistan a province with dominant tribal and fuedal norms and traditions. Balochistan is a province where women are still struggling for their improved and acknowleged status. On the other hand, women's existance in the profession of law is yet a big challenge since institutional support is not available...
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